2,000 bar of pressure and 1,400 °C make perfect rocket parts or prostheses: the HIP technology has a lot of ‘hype’ and Spain is the only one in Southern Europe that implements it

Since mid-November, Burgos has established a unique innovation center in Europe that works with Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) Technology, The choice of this location is due to the fact that the company Hyperbaric behind the center has its headquarters in the city.

“We have the right facilities, people and technology, and in 2021 we understood it was the right time to launch the first HIP Innovation Center in Southern Europe”, highlighted Ruben Garcia, project manager of technology at Hyperbaric. for 20 bits. There, there are researchers who are testing “New Content Development Using HIP”.

García points out the importance for Spain that he chose Burgos to locate this center. This could position the country as “a reference for all sectors that want Lighter, more durable and durable pieces“. At hyperbaric, they aim that, with HIP technology, they gain a worldwide market share similar to that of high pressure processing (HPP).

The role of the center of Burgos

Hyperbaric started operating in 1999 and during all these years it has grown into a large HPP technology company, headquartered in Burgos and with offices in the United States, Mexico, Asia and Oceania. In the new Castilian-Leone center, they are dedicated to ‘hyping’ pieces, ie, to subject them to 2,000 bar pressure and 1,400 °C To improve its mechanical properties.

Eliminating the porosity of high-performance components made with additive manufacturing or 3D printing would greatly benefit from the application of hot isostatic pressing. According to Garcia, “the growth of additive manufacturing is projected at approximately 17% per year until 2025”. hyperbaric considers it This technology would be particularly useful for aerospace or sanitary parts.

The drones fly autonomously, but require human supervision to correct any errors.

“We anticipate that HIP technology will be a revolution for this market because, in addition to giving the material better stability, it makes it possible to fix defective parts and enable lighter designs, something that has great value for aeronautical companies.” is a permanent component of,” explains Garcia. , With additive manufacturing, very little material is wasted. Prior to this, a block of any material had to be molded until the final piece was obtained and what was left was discarded; Now only the materials needed for 3D printing are used.”

“The development of HIP began For the diffusion relationship of components to the nuclear power industry in the 1950s“, explains the project manager. Over time it has also been used in various manufacturing processes, such as foundry or powder metallurgy and even in the automotive industry (notably in Formula 1).

However, it is still a very innovative technology, especially in the field of 3D creation, and Hyperbaric is ready to take those first steps and move in that direction.

The company is investigating the applications that can be given to the HIP technology, with which it has been working since the 50s.
The company is investigating the applications that can be given to the HIP technology, with which it has been working since the 50s.

For this, the company has a cooperation alliance in industrial R&D with Anium Company, which deals with additive manufacturing. García explains that they are investigating and applying the HIP process to “parts with high added value” and trying to develop new materials for the aeronautical sector.

This model is based on learning input and output patterns.

Applications of HIP technology in the medical field

One of the areas that is expected to be explored by hyperbaric with hot isostatic pressing is medicine. Optimus 3D is a company specializing in additive manufacturing techniques that utilize Hyperbaric’s HIP technology. In a mechanical validation test of one of their medical implant products, they found that The useful life of parts with HIP was 33 times longer than that of parts without.

Alberto Ruiz, co-founder of Optimus 3D, explained to 20BITS that “the process used until now was to insert more material so that the aging cracks would take longer to break down the piece completely.” Firm can do through 3D printing “Copy and sometimes even improve on a natural organic form” It replaces a body part. It now has HIP added, which allows developers to Make sure the material is evenly resistant throughout the pieceTo avoid additional surgery.

In short, hyperbaric technology will help Optimus 3D and other companies developing prosthetics using less material. Ruiz noted that this makes them less invasive and “better mimic the natural tissue” they replace.

Last month, the company inaugurated the HIP Technology Innovation Center in Burgos.
Last month, the company inaugurated the HIP Technology Innovation Center in Burgos.

The aircraft intends to gain a foothold in the passenger transport market.

Applications of HIP Technology in Aerospace Sector

For its part, in the field of aeronautics, Hyperbaric’s collaboration with Enieuim, which we mentioned above, stands out. Companies in this sector are making a lot of efforts reduce the weight of aircraft to reduce the tonnage of CO₂ they emit in Earth’s atmosphere.

In the same way as with prostheses, hot isostatic pressure Will allow manufacturers to use less material, which will be reflected in the weight of the airplane, rocket or spacecraft. This technology allows you to visualize part designs that were previously impossible, such as skeletal geometry.

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