Illegal crossings at US-Mexico border set a record for June despite declines from May

Despite a significant decrease from May, fears of migrants crossing the US-Mexico border illegally last month set a record for any June with no available data, government data revealed on Friday.

The US Border Patrol reported processing migrants at the southern border 191,898 times in June, a drop of nearly 14% from May, when the agency executed more than 222,000 apprehensions, an all-time high. monthly high, The previous record in June was recorded last year, when the Border Patrol made 178,649 arrests.

Another 15,518 migrants were processed by US officials at government ports of entry, where the Biden administration is accepting some asylum seekers, according to data from US Customs and Border Protection (CBP), which submitted a went. Federal Court in Texas.

Record arrivals from countries beyond Mexico and Central America’s Northern Triangle and high levels of migrant detention, driven by a significant rate of repeated illegal crossings, have continued to stress the nearly 23,000 US immigration agents and officials stationed at the border with Mexico. .

Unprecedented levels of unauthorized migration along the southern border have posed dire humanitarian and operational challenges for the US government, and have become a political obligation for President Biden, who has sought to overturn Trump and create a “humanitarian” and “orderly” system. I promised. era policies.

Migrants wait to be processed by US Border Patrol after illegally crossing the US-Mexico border in Yuma, Arizona, on the morning of July 11, 2022.

Alison Diner / AFP via Getty Images

Taking June’s numbers into account, US border officials processed migrants more than 1.7 million times in fiscal year 2022, higher than the previous record set in 2021, even as the next fiscal year in October There are three months left before the start of the year.

Still, easing fears last month could indicate that border arrivals are stabilizing during the warmer summer months – as has been the historical trend – after rising to record levels this spring. The number of migrant arrests in June reversed a four-month upward trend, with more than 200,000 apprehensions registered in three months.

“While volatility is normal from month to month, we have seen a 14% decrease in encounters compared to the previous month,” CBP commissioner Chris Magnus said in a statement. “We are committed to implementing our strategy to reduce irregular migration, prevent migrants from making dangerous travel, and increase enforcement efforts against human trafficking organizations.”

In June, more than 90,381 or 47% of Border Patrol fears migrants were quickly expelled to Mexico or their home country under a pandemic-era emergency policy known as Title 42, a federal The court was required to keep the Biden administration. , Friday’s data show.

People processed under Title 42 are expelled on public health grounds without the opportunity to seek asylum, a right protected by US law. But not all border-crossers are processed under Title 42, and the application of the policy depends on migrants’ nationality, age, vulnerability, the region where they enter the US, and other factors.

In June, CBP officials at the southern border reported processing single adult migrants 140,196 times; parents and children traveling as a family 51,780 times; Agency figures released on Friday showed that 15,271 bars and with minors alone. Roughly 56% of single adults and 27% of households were processed for eviction under Title 42 in the past month.

Migrants who are processed under US immigration law instead of being expelled under Title 42 can be released with court notice, sent to long-term detention centers or deported under regular deportation procedures. including a program called “quick removal”.

Lonely migrant children who are not from Mexico are transferred to Department of Health and Human Services shelters, where they remain until they are placed with a sponsor, usually a relative in the US, or when until they turn 18. Families of children who are not evicted are usually issued with a notice to appear in immigration court after the Biden administration closed long-term custody of minors.

Adults traveling without children are most affected by Title 42, as many of them are from Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras or El Salvador the Mexican government allows the US to expel into its territory. Single adults who are not evicted are typically released with a court notice or detained by US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).

In June, US immigration officials deported 12,888 immigrants under routine deportation procedures, releasing 79,652 in June, according to government data submitted Friday to a federal court in Texas.

While there was an increase in immigrants from Guatemala, Honduras, Venezuela and El Salvador in June compared to May, there was a decrease in arrivals from Mexico, Cuba, Colombia, Nicaragua, Haiti and Brazil, among other top expatriate countries.

More than 66,000 migrant encounters in June involved Mexicans, 24,617 involved Guatemalans, 23,972 involved Hondurans, 16,170 were Cubans, 13,194 were Venezuelans, 12,594 were Colombians, 11,204 were Nicaraguans, 9,094 were Salvadorans, 4,084 were Haitians and 4,025 data Brazilians were included. performance.

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