Aircraft carriers are the deciding factor in battles that are fought all over the world. Its importance in the development and outcome of military conflicts began during World War II, where the three major navies participating had aircraft carriers that were innovative at the time.
The countries that had aircraft carriers during the war that started in 1939 were Great Britain, United States and JapanAlthough it should be clarified that the last two did not enter combat until 1941. Germany and Italy also tried to launch several aircraft carriers, but could not, and this was probably the deciding factor in the end of the battle.
The presence of aircraft carriers was so relevant in World War II that America’s entry into the conflict was related to six of them. The famous attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 was A surprise military attack by 353 Japanese planes on the naval base Which was in the North American country of Hawaii.
attack damage 188 aircraft, which included fighters, bombers and torpedo boats on six aircraft carriers. Too, 2,403 Americans killed and another 1,178 were injured.
Over the years, the number of navies that have this type of ship active or in development has increased, and others have aircraft carriers that are no longer operational. Causes of war between Russia and Ukraine Owning These Ships Shows It’s Still Important (Although neither of the countries involved in the conflict has active aircraft carriers).
Six of the world’s navies currently operate fleet carriers capable of launching and taking on conventional fixed-wing naval aircraft. ,This exclusive club has high feesAnd they’re growing so fast that most of their members will soon be forced by economic pressures to consider whether they’re going to stay in,” he told McSheep a few years ago.
countries with active aircraft carriers
- China: Liaoning (since 2012), Shandong (since 2019) and Fujian (since this year).
- America: Nimitz (since 1975), Dwight D. Eisenhower (since 1977), Carl Vinson (since 1982), Theodore Roosevelt (since 1986), Abraham Lincoln (since 1989), George Washington (since 1992), John C. Stennis (since 1995) ) ), Harry S. Truman (since 1998), Ronald Reagan (since 2003), and George HW Bush (since 2009).
- France: Charles de Gaulle (since 2001).
- India: INS Vikramaditya (ex Admiral Groshkov, from 2013) and INS Vikrant (from 2022).
- Italy: Giuseppe Garibaldi (since 1983) and Cavour (since 2008).
- Thailand: HTMS Chakri Nareubet (since 1999, operates only with helicopters).
Countries where aircraft carriers are being developed or are in the pipeline
- China: Aircraft Carrier Type 004, a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier project expected to be available later this decade.
- America: John F. Kennedy (planning soon), Gerald R. Ford (intended to be operational in 2023). Enterprise (estimated late 2027), USS Doris Miller (ordered), CVN-82 (ordered), CVN-83 (planned), CVN-84 (planned), CVN-85 (planned), CVN-86 (planned) and CVN-87 (planned).
- India: INS Vishal (its entry into service is scheduled for 2025).
- Britain: Queen Elizabeth (since 2017) and the Prince of Wales (since 2019).
- Russia: storm
countries with retired aircraft carriers
- Australia: HMAS Sydney (purchased from the UK and served from 1948 to 1958), HMAS Melbourne (purchased from the UK and served from 1955 to 1982) and HMAS Vendée (on loan from the Royal Navy from 1952 to 1955 and sold to Brazil) Gone).
- Brazil: NAeL Minas Gerais (ex HMAS Vengeance de Australasia, operating from 1960 to 2001), NAe São Paulo (ex French Foch, operating from 2000 to 2017).
- Canada: HMCS Warrior (bought from the UK from 1946 to 1948 and resold to Argentina), HMCS Magnificent (bought from the UK from 1946 to 1948) and HMCS Bonaventure (bought from the UK from 1957 to 1970).
- Spain: Principe de Asturias or R11 (from 1988 to 2013) and Daedalo (former USS Cabot, operational from 1967 to 1989)
- America: It houses 45 retired aircraft carriers (some scrapped, others loaned out and sold, and many that have been converted into museum ships). There are also 10 aircraft carriers that have sunk.
- France: Béarn (from 1927 to 1948), Clemenceau (from 1961 to 1997), Foch (from 1963 to 2000, Vendido a Brasil), Arromanches (from 1946 to 1974), La Fayette (from 1951 to 1963) and Bois Belleau (from 1953) ) until 1960).
- India: INS Vikrant (1961 to 1997) and INS Viraat (1987 to 2016).
- Italy: Sparviero (sunk 1944), Aquila (sunk 1945), Giuseppe Miraglia (by 1925) and Europa (by 1920).
- Japan: 6 of her carriers were retired and 24 were sunk during World War II.
- Netherlands: MV Gadilla (in 1944), MV Macoma (in 1944), H.R.M. Karel Dorman (returned to Britain in 1946), H.R.M.S. Karel Dorman (formerly British, bought in 1948 and sold to Argentina in 1968).
- Britain: 34 of them were disabled and 5 of them were sunk during World War II. In fact, Courageous which was sunk by the German U-boat U-29 in 1939 was the first aircraft carrier to be sunk by the war.
- Russia: Kyiv (1972 to 1993), Minsk (1975 to 1993), Novorossiysk (1978 to 1993), Admiral Gorshkov (1982 to 1995, sold to India).
Countries with canceled aircraft carrier projects
- Spain: There was an intention to convert the heavy cruiser Trieste into an aircraft carrier by a Spanish shipyard, but the project was canceled in 1952.
- America: A total of 11 US projects have been cancelled.
- France: 8 aircraft carrier conversion or development projects were cancelled.
- Britain: The country has canceled 12 aircraft carrier projects.
- Ukraine: Varyag, which was canceled after the breakup of the USSR and sold to China (derived in Liaoning).
- Russia: Project 71, Project 1153, Orel, Varyag and Ulyanovsk. All of them used to think during the times of the Soviet Union.
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