The United States and Russia are today in dispute over the leadership of one of the world’s largest tech organizations

International Telecommunication Union (ITU), which is responsible for the regulation of telecommunications, will have a new Secretary-General who will be elected in Romania today, Thursday, 29 September. The two countries from which a person would be chosen to occupy the position would be Russia and the United States, which are currently under geopolitical tensions.

It should be noted that, in April, 60 countries including the US and Spain signed an agreement ‘Statement for the Future of the Internet’. Neither Russia nor China were part of the list of agreed territories, so the decision of who will take the post of Secretary General really determines the future of the network.

As a result of the treaty, the countries that signed it showed their participation in “protecting the human rights and fundamental freedoms of all peoples”, “a global Internet that compromises the free flow of information” and a “multi-stakeholder approach to governance”. “. Which keeps the internet running for everyone’s benefit. Ultimately, this proposal determined that the regions are actively supported. An “open, free, global, interoperable, reliable and secure” Internet.

Today the future of the Internet is decided between two candidates who are on two opposing sides regarding the said declaration. On one side is the American candidate Doreen Bogdan-MartinShe would be the first woman to head the ITU and this would mean that the US would again assume leadership of the organization since the 1960s. Russia, on the other hand, has chosen for Rashid IsmailovFormer Huawei, Nokia and Ericsson executive and former Russian telecommunications deputy minister.

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importance of this election

The ITU was created in 1865 and since then, member states decide every four years what strategies and priorities are going to be to regulate technologies that connect all, This implies that he made and continues to have policies on various elements such as the telegraph, telephone network, radio waves and the Internet.

The Secretary-General occupies an important position, as he leads the organism that is in charge of the rules that affect 193 Countries who are his. It should be noted that, depending on who it is, this could change the current rules. of the Internet, which makes it more resilient to the most authoritarian governments.

Indeed, Russia introduced a proposal in 2012 that included giving countries more rights. to block websites, It was supported by China, Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Sudan and the United Arab Emirates, but it did not advance.

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Disagreements between the US’ Declaration for the Future of the Internet’ and Russia’s 2012 proposal (which links the vetoes of some internet platforms as a result of its conflict with Ukraine) take the stress out even more between the two powers. In recent months, these countries have tried to use their diplomatic influence with the intention of winning support for their candidates.

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