Technology

This is the Orion capsule of the Artemis I mission: the secrets of the spacecraft that will return us to the Moon

After many tries, NASA is set to launch the Artemis program next Wednesday, Nov. 16 Thanks to the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket to explore deep space from Cape Canaveral (Florida) and send manned missions to the Moon.

SLS aside, Orion is a ship that will take astronauts to space Without relying on third parties, it is mounted on top of the Space Launch System (responsible for pushing Orion toward the Moon) and its mission will last between 26 and 42 days.

The ship is made up of three parts,

  • Launch cancellation system: If something unexpected happens, this system activates in milliseconds and uses three rockets to protect the astronauts traveling in space. The first is the abort thruster, the second is an altitude control motor, and the third delivers the launch cancellation system.
  • crew module: This is the cabin where the astronauts will travel, it has a design similar to the modules of the ships of the Apollo program, has a capacity for four crew members, can survive independently for up to 21 days or up to six months in the case of one Being coupled to a ship or station, was developed by Lockheed Martin, and is able to withstand re-entry temperatures of 5,000 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • service module: It was built by the European Space Agency (ESA) and its mission is to provide propulsion, thermal control and electrical energy, as well as provide water, oxygen and nitrogen until the crew module is separated and returned to Earth. enters again.
With this ship, it is expected to reach Mars by 2030.
NASA

Engineers are working to fix them after the fault at the beginning of the month.

Orion plans to land astronauts on the Moon in 2026That way, if everything goes according to plan, the first mission to explore deep space will begin.

ship interplanetary travel will faceA rocket will accompany the propulsion module, and in case you don’t know, Orion flew in December 2015 during an unmanned test mission using a Delta IV Heavy rocket.

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