Science

Venezuelan migration to the US border decreased in October, but overall migrant arrivals remained high

Washington – Venezuelan immigration at the US-Mexico border decreased significantly in October due to recently announced US immigration policies, but overall migrant fears remain high, driven by the arrival of thousands of Cubans and Nicaraguans, federal figures Show released late on Monday.

According to Customs and Border Protection data, US immigration officials encountered migrants 230,678 times at the southern border last month, a 1.9% increase from September. About 19% of those encounters involved repeated crossings by migrants who had previously been processed by US border agents.

The Border Patrol reported 204,273 immigrants entering the US illegally, a slight decrease from September, while another CBP agency, the Office of Field Operations, processed 26,405 migrants at official ports of entry, where the Biden administration Accepting some refuge – seeker

Venezuelan migrants were processed 22,044 times in October, down 35% from the record high of 33,804 reported last month. After the US on October 12 there is a decline began to expel Venezuela from Mexico under a public health order known as title 42, The Biden administration also launched a program to allow 24,000 Venezuelans to legally enter the US if they have US-based financial sponsors.

But the decline in Venezuelan migration was offset by the arrival of 28,848 Cubans and 20,917 Nicaraguans, a monthly record for the latter nationality. Mexico generally does not allow the US to expel Cuba or Nicaragua into its territory, allowing US officials to allow most of them to seek refuge inside the country, as Cuba and Nicaragua accept regular US evacuation flights. do not.

Troy Miller, who was named acting CBP commissioner last weekend Resignation According to Chris Magnus, migration from Cuba and Nicaragua continued at a “historic high” due to political and economic turmoil in both countries that are ruled by repressive regimes.

“It reflects the challenge that is gripping the hemisphere as displaced populations flee authoritarianism, corruption, violence and poverty,” Miller said in his statement.

The number of unique immigrants from Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela collectively exceeded the number of US border detained migrants from Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador in October, continuing an unprecedented demographic change According to CBP calculations, the US has struggled to respond.

The US carried out more than 78,000 migrant evictions in October – including 5,855 evictions of Venezuelans. Expelled people are prohibited from seeking asylum under Title 42, which US law allows immigrants to request if they are on US soil, even if they have entered the country illegally.

Immigrants who have not been expelled under Title 42 are processed under US immigration law. Typically, this means they are transferred by the Border Patrol to another agency, issued with instructions to see a judge or an immigration office, or processed under a fast-track deportation process. This is known as early removal.

While the US struggles to expel many immigrants who are not from Mexico or Central America for diplomatic and logistical reasons, the Biden administration has exempted several groups from Title 42, including unaccompanied children and asylum seekers as vulnerable. is recognized in.

Numbers released Monday show a wave of migration across the US-Mexico border during President Biden’s administration, defying pre-pandemic seasonal patterns during which migrant arrivals peak in the spring and warm summer months. And in the fall comes the fall.

The figures also suggest migrant encounters at the southern border will continue to be near or perhaps higher than the record level recorded in fiscal year 2022, when US immigration officials encountered migrants nearly 2.4 million times, the highest level ever. was.

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