The Artemis I mission lifted off on Wednesday atop a Space Launch System (SLS) rocket and the uncrewed Orion spacecraft on a 25-day journey to the Moon. The ship should reach its destination early next week And perform some orbital maneuvers to set a series of records.
Next Monday, November 21, Orion will enter a distant retrograde orbit around the Moon, where it will orbit in the opposite direction to that of Earth’s satellite. To reach the target, the European Service Module (ESM) will provide power and be in charge of correcting the voyage’s course to navigate to the Moon.
ESM will also perform a powered flyby upon reaching the satellite, thus making Orion’s closest approach to the Moon’s surface. Moon’s gravity will push Orion into distant retrograde orbitGiven that its insertion burn is scheduled for November 25 and will send it 40,000 miles from the Moon before returning.
Orion’s other missions include photographing Earth as it exits and when it reaches its maximum distance from our planet.
The spacecraft will leave retrograde orbit on December 1.In addition, it will have to land on December 11 and survive atmospheric re-entry after making a splashdown over the Pacific Ocean. When it’s all done, Orion will have traveled 2.1 million kilometers, the longest distance traveled by a crew-class capsule.
Artemis I’s primary objective is to assess Orion’s capability re-enter Earth’s atmosphere at high speed, is an important test for your heat shield. On the other hand, this mission helps to take humans to Mars in the future.
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