What is Prop 3? Voters in Michigan approve abortion rights amendment

Voters from at least five states watched on election day Ballot Measures About Abortion Access, In Michigan, 55.8% of voters supported Proposition 3 – also known as Proposition 3 – which protects abortion rights. What is Proposition 3 and how does it amend the Constitution of Michigan?

The resolution amends Article I of the state’s constitution to add a clause that states: “Every person has a fundamental right to reproductive freedom, which confers the right to make decisions about and influence all matters relating to pregnancy.” including but not limited to prenatal care, childbirth, postpartum care, contraception, sterilization, abortion care, abortion management and infertility care.”

The amendment states that the state can regulate abortion, but it cannot prohibit abortion that a medical professional considers necessary to protect the physical and mental health of a pregnant person.

With the new amendment, the state cannot punish or prosecute abortion recipients or anyone who assisted in an abortion.

Abortion can only be denied if it is “justified by a compelling state interest obtained by the least restrictive means.” A state’s interest is considered “compelling” if it is “consistent with accepted clinical standards of practice and evidence-based medicine, with the aim of protecting the health of the caregiver, and that person’s autonomous decision-making.” does not violate.”

The Supreme Court’s 1973 Roe v. Wade decision, which legalized abortion at the federal level, nullified a 1931 Michigan law that made abortion a crime in most cases. But the law lay dormant for nearly 50 years, and when the row was overturned earlier this year, the state had the opportunity to reinstate the 1931 law.

Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer, who was projected to win re-election on TuesdaySupports abortion rights. Michigan Attorney General Dana Nessel vowed not to enforce the 1931 law. Planned Parenthood of Michigan and an abortion provider in the state filed a lawsuit in April arguing that the 1931 law is unconstitutional. And in September, a state court judge invalidated the 90-year-old ban, finding it a violation of the state’s constitution.

Still, the fate of abortion access in the state was left up to voters, and on Tuesday nearly 2.1 million people voted yes for the ballot, while nearly 1.7 million voted against it.

Proposition 3 got on the ballot with the help of abortion rights activists. a petition to add motion According to the ACLU, Michigan’s midterm election ballots received more than 750,000 signatures. This is almost double the amount needed for the proposed measure to qualify. Nevertheless, an impasse was struck when the state canvassers board was allowed to add it. Ultimately, the Michigan Supreme Court ruled that it could be on the ballot.

Michigan’s current abortion law states that the procedure is legal until “viability,” or when the fetus has developed enough that it can survive outside the womb, which typically occurs at 24 to 26 weeks of pregnancy. . The new constitutional amendment upholds this rule.

Days before the election, Whitmer tweeted a study by the nonpartisan policy institute Center for American Progress that found maternal mortality would increase if states banned abortions. The group said the maternal mortality rate would increase by 25% if Michigan banned access to the procedure. “Access to reproductive care saves lives. I’ll keep fighting like hell,” Whitmer wrote.

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